Světový den duševního vlastnictví

26. duben je vyhlášen Světovým dnem duševního vlastnictví. O významu pojmu duševního vlastnictví se vedla diskuse již na konci devatenáctého století. 26.dubna 1970 byla založena Světová organizace duševního vlastnictví (World Intellectual Property Organisation WIPO), specializovaná organizace OSN. Klade si za cíl ochraňovat práva původců a vlastníků duševního vlastnictví po celém světě.

Co vlastně pojem duševní vlastnictví znamená? Duševní vlastnictví se definuje jako majetek nehmotné povahy, který je výsledkem procesu lidské tvořivosti. Za duševní vlastnictví lze považovat jen to, co je jedinečné, neopakovatelné a dostatečně originální.

Tematicky lze tento pojem rozdělit do dvou skupin:

1) Ochrana průmyslového vlastnictví

V ČR zabývá se touto problematikou zabývá Úřad pro ochranu průmyslového vlastnictví. Patří sem například patenty, vynálezy, ale také rostlinné odrůdy. Zde se setkáme s pojmem ochranná známka. Ta by měla slovně, obrazem, nebo kombinovaně chránit odlišení služby nebo výrobku i jeho obalu od ostatních v dané kategorii.

2) Autorská práva a právo pořizovatele databáze

Toto právo chrání hudební či literární díla, obrazy, fotografie, filmy. Spadá do působnosti ministerstva kultury.

Nejčastější podoba porušování duševních a průmyslových práv:

  • nezákonné kopírování nebo užívání textů, hudby, obrázků, filmů nebo jiných výrobků - tzv. pirátství
  • napodobování výrobků úspěšných firem
  • napodobování ochranných a firemních známek - tzv. plagiátorství

Zdánlivě je téma duševního vlastnictví od zdravotní tematiky velmi vzdáleno, to je ovšem pouze zdání. Trh je zaplaven plagiáty průmyslových výrobků, například oblečení, hraček, kosmetiky. Ne vždy se jedná o výhodný nákup za nízkou cenu. Mnohé napodobeniny či výrobky bez řádného označení výrobce a složení mohou vážně poškodit zdraví uživatelů.

Například se u nich často prokazují několikanásobně vyšší hladiny jedovatých ftalátů, formaldehydu či jiných škodlivých látek, než připouštějí normy. Zvlášť pečlivě je třeba volit výrobky pro děti, především pro kojence a batolata, neboť pro ně představují nekvalitní výrobky největší riziko.

Světový den duševního vlastnictví patří do témat
  • http://www.louis--vuitton-lv.com/ Louis Vuitton handbags 02.08.2012 05:42:59

    http://www.louisvuittons-outlet.org/ Louis Vuitton OutletOnline
    Louis Vuitton Bags
    LV
    <h1>Cheap Louis Vuitton handbags</h1>
    http://www.louis--vuitton-lv.com

  • Cheap Air Jordans 16.03.2012 01:11:32

    Cheap Coach Purses
    Coach outlet
    coach bags factory
    coach bags
    coach outlet
    coach Handbags
    coach outlet
    coach outlet online
    coach outlet
    Beats By Dr Dre Studio
    Beats By Dr Dre Pro
    Beats By Dr Dre White
    cheap juicy couture.Come here the
    coach outlet and
    juicy couture outlet to make you a fashion women.Coach Bags Store have all kinds of bags that you will like.
    Louis Vuitton Outlet
    Cheap Louis Vuitton Handbags
    Cheap Air Jordans,
    Air Jordans For Sale,
    Air Jordans Cool Grey
    Cheap Air Jordans
    Air Jordans for sale
    True Religion Canada
    True Religion jeans outlet
    Cheap True Religion Jean
    To own the
    True Religion For Sale
    True Religion Jeans
    True Religion Outlet you will be a fahion people.And all the
    nike shox tl
    nike shox shoes
    nike shox shoes sale
    Nike Shox Shoes,
    Cheap Nike Shox,
    nike shox sale are very wonderful.
    Also the Cheap Air Jordans,
    cheap jordan concords are very great.
    The Jordan For Sale here,come here to own.
    Green BayPackers Jerseys

  • http://www.shoesyork.com air-jordans-jumpman 03.03.2012 02:23:40

    The so-called Supreme,
    jordan 8 for sale the meaning of the Supreme. Nike brand for Air Force 1 to 25 anniversary special tribute, named for the Nike brand visible for Air Force 25 Supreme this kind of shoes promotion has a very high expectations.authentic retro air jordansThe shoes in the fusion of the Nike brand the most commonly used three kinds of science and technology, jordan 19 for salethe whole palm Zoom Air can provide for shoes itself sensitive reaction ability, palm Max Air can after for shoes itself to provide the strongest shock sex,Authentic Jordan Shoes and carbon fiber board is in the palm to provide the best support shoes itself sex. Had Air Jordan 1 sell crazy, but due to some problemsqly223286 within the company Nike, AJ2 can only be made in Italy. Because be Italian,
    jordan 18 for saleJordan I mean it is difficult to dissolve to shoes, finally AJ2 get Jordan hands, cheap jordan retro 7Jordan were unhappy, decided to break off and Nike. Nike designers appointed Tinker Hatfield jordan for cheap(current Nike creative design special design vice President) AJ3 design for Jordan. In the design with a design drawings of genius and Jordan father's request again and again to persuade under, Jordan finally decided to take a look.jordan 11 for sale Results a see hooked, decisions and Nike contract, jordan 5 for saleachievement the Air Jordan such a legend of the shoes.Cheap Jordans I think the most Air Jordan 3 on the most classic place before and after the explosion is vamp crack,cheap jordan 11 second is the first in the Air Jordan shoe heel use window Air Sole, it is the landmark of the shoe history works. Last year also introduced a Nike Air Fusion Jordan 3, is AJ3 classical element and Air Force 1 rolled into one, also is more welcome. jordan 13 for saleThat's all that I know, Jordan Shoes,Jordan Shoes For Sale,All Jordan Shoes,Jordan Retro.the hope can communicate with everybody.We are Christian Louboutin heels Online Store, you can get the 2011 new style of Christian Louboutin pumps, christian louboutin sandals,

  • Retro Jordan Shoes Retro Jordan Shoes 13.02.2012 08:59:50

    Do you want to have a beautiful Cheap Coach Bags?If your answer is certainly,that please land on our website Coach Outlet to choose you fell satisfaction's product.Come here,everyone!Don't scruple!Juicy Couture Outlet are popular all over the world with High Quality,Competitive Price,Best Service and Safe Delivery.Juicy Couture Sale new styles and hot styles are active every week.Don't be vacillatingly to contact with us.We accept Cheap Supra Shoes big quantity order and mixed order.We are a big Supplier of brand shoes and clothes in China.We can provide lots of styles of sport shoes such as:Air Jordan 4,cheap Air Jordan force ones,newest style Jordan Concord.All the Retro Jordan 4 in this sky are in high quality.New styles and hot styles of Juicy Couture Laptop Bags are active every day.Quality products and quality service.Small profits but quick turnover.

  • e cigs e cigs 13.02.2012 05:38:22

    The World No Tobacco Day 2012is coming,the theme is Tobaccoindustry interference.Tobaccouse is one of the leadingpreventable causes of death.Tostop this sad thing,lots ofhttp://www.ecigsbest.com ecigarettes (http://www.ecigsbest.comelectronic cigarettes ) comesto the world,including thehttp://www.ecigsbest.com/ego-ecigarette-kits-c-2.html egokits ,http://www.ecigsbest.com/egot-ecigarette-kits-c-1.htmlego-t ,http://www.ecigsbest.com/510-ecigarette-kits-c-3.html510e-cigarette ,http://www.ecigsbest.com/510t-ecigarette-kits-c-4.html 510-t and so on.Foryour health,you should choosethe http://www.ecigsbest.com ecigs best and choose whichkinds ofhttp://www.ecigsbest.come-cigarette is becomingextremely important now.

  • laptop battery 13.02.2012 05:37:47

    More and more people are caring the laptop battery’s life now.They want to know how to use so their inspiron 1525 battery,pavilion dv6000 battery or hp g60 battery can last longer time.Well,let me give u some useful tips.
    1.Keep your 1525 battery or inspiron 1545 battery cool. Dell 1525 battery degrade more quickly when they're hot.That means you should keep vents clear -- don't put your laptop on a fluffy pillow or a cushioned surface that will cover vents and trap heat.
    2.Don't pack your laptop away in a backpack or other enclosed space when the dv6000 battery is still warm, trapping the heat. The hp dv6000 battery that's frequently hot to the touch will lose life a lot faster than the pavillion dv6000 battery that isn't constantly being stressed. Worst of all: If your laptop crashes or refuses to shut off properly, the hp dv 6000 battery can get extremely hot when packed away in your bag. Check it to make sure it hasn't gotten dangerously hot while stowed away over the weekend.
    3.Don't charge your laptop constantly. If you only occasionally take your laptop away from a power outlet, but leave it plugged in to charge 24/7, you're leaving your laptop in a state of perpetual charge at the 100% point -- and that is bad for the g60 battery 's long-time health.
    4.If you tend to use your laptop mainly at your desk, exercise your hp dv4 battery by running it down and recharging it once or (even better) twice a month.
    5.Alternately, you might want to physically remove the dv4 battery if you're using the laptop at your desk for long stretches of time. If you do remove it, don't store it in a fully charged or depleted state. It's best to store it in the middle -- between 40 and 50 percent of full charge.

  • cheap supra shoes hot sale cheap supra shoes 14.01.2012 03:42:20

    We have a large number of <strong>New England Patriots Replicas jerseys</strong>, the design of unique design exquisite inside, there is a lot of style, and unique, affirmation can give you a lot of surprise.And we sell <strong>Cheap New England Patriots Jersey</strong>, he in cheap and fine and a variety of colors and styles, each team has everything!Here to offer you the <strong>Patriots Jersey</strong> is affected by the fans welcome shirt has a high quality look and feel. as long as you want can be found here. As long as you put on us to provide guarantee that there will be a special you show in the sight of the people, let a person shine. Let us together for the NFL, for his team applause and come on!!!! <strong>Cheap Supra Shoes</strong> is one of a brand that inspired, designed and marketed,passionate from people. What is more, <strong>Supra Footwear</strong> can protect your feet and it can make you feel comfortable. The <strong>2011 supra</strong>is not only fashionable but stylish.

  • Cheap Nike Shoes Online timberland boots outlet 13.12.2011 06:39:59

    <h1>ugg bootsclearance</h1>http://www.cheapuggbootsbay.com/ Saw your this article,l<h1> timberland bootsoutlet</h1> http://www.timberlandbootssaled.com/ et me producing thehope to the community again.<h1>nike shoesonline</h1>http://www.cheapnikeshoeso.com/

  • www.jerseyshoppingstore.com vancl 30.11.2011 15:21:34

    best one

  • jersey vancl 30.11.2011 15:19:59

    jersey boy is a best boyAtlanta Falcons Jerseys that is all

  • http://www.topfashiontrade.com Custom NFL Jerseys Wholesale 25.11.2011 03:01:09

    Thanks for your infor

  • All Air Jordan Shoes 26.07.2011 07:49:39

    Air Jordan is one with probably the most widely used makes of shoes or boots at any time released. The manufacturer was Nike Jordan Basketball shoes made by Nike in 1985 for arguably the very best basketball participant of all time, Micheal Jordan. because then,Jordan Air Retro oxygen Jordan has released a manufacturer new design of those basketball kicks just about every year. the original kick far from of oxygen Jordan shoes or boots (also recognized as 'Jordans') were recognized because Nike Dunks Low oxygen Jordan I (1). The types go numerically from 1-23 or I-XXIII and hold on with the types '09 and 2010. Micheal Jordan wore the # 23 for just about any exceptionally good part of his basketball All Air Jordan Shoes career, which was the motive why the types only go as much as 23 and be in a position to hold on in the a number of format. you may maybe get a huge choice of types of oxygen Jordan shoes, all with their specific distinctive design. just about every design of shoe Air Jordan 13 & Max Fusion has its specific story at the rear of it. right outlined here certainly are a few thrilling details about just about every design of oxygen Jordan shoes. zZ

  • christian louboutin shoes 16.05.2011 08:59:34

    Well, I am so glad to havechi flat iron in hand tostraighten my hair every threedays. I was totally impressedfor its awesome finish whichmy stylist had made with it inthe salon, I couldn't believemy hair could be that shiny,this chi flat iron just madeit.<br><br>I wasso happy when i received thischristian louboutinslingback.<br><br>As everyone knows, herve legerdresses is famous for itsBandage dress, this nice bluedress is with perfect cuttingand tailoring ,I am really afan of herve leger.<br><br>I will benever regret to buy this glasses frames,its so cool .

  • christian louboutin shoes 16.05.2011 08:59:07

    Well, I am so glad to havehttp://www.flatiron4u.com/ chiflat iron in hand tostraighten my hair every threedays. I was totally impressedfor its awesome finish whichmy stylist had made with it inthe salon, I couldn't believemy hair could be that shiny,thishttp://www.chiflatiron4u.com/chi flat iron just madeit.<br><br>I wasso happy when i received thishttp://www.christianlouboutin1000.com/ christian louboutin slingback.<br><br>As everyone knows,http://www.herveleger1000.com/herve leger dresses is famousfor its Bandage dress, thisnice blue dress is withperfect cutting and tailoring,I am really a fan ofhttp://www.herveleger1000.com/herve leger .<br><br>I will benever regret to buy this http://www.cartierglasses4u.com/ glasses frames ,its so cool.

  • mulberry bags 29.04.2011 05:19:51

    Party, told reporters that he was released by the media in a mulberry bags Chen cursor "2010 charity report card" on which contributions to a published interview a reconciliation. They cheap air jordans interview that Chen cursor to home centers and donated the old farmers market rent, as used by Chen parents, and basically whatever the local township government. Chen nike air force ones cursor responded: "I have never provided any transcripts to the mulberry handbags media, nor what any person interview transcripts to find me." The implication, according to reporters who may be other self-finishing. The so-called collection of rent of the mulberry alexa bags shop, farmers market, he proceeds from the auction in the facade, a total of 11, the proceeds used to subsidize mulberry antony bags the market operations, and the farmers market itself is absolutely not a project. Sihong day party secretary Hu Xiang Gang Zhong Bo confirmed: all free elderly activity center, farmers market, health cleaning fees are paid Chen cursor. Chinese Red air jordan 2011 Cross confirmed that in 2010, did receive a donation of 700 Chen cursor million. Chen cursor to clarify: A reporter said it will contribute to the Glorious Cause, Jiangsu do not open tax deductible receipt for refund, but in fact, national policy is tax-free housing demolition business, they air jordan 11 simply can not say there is a tax deductible receipt. China Human Rights Development Foundation confirmed that no contributions in 2010 Chen cursor, the report is written in millions of dollars donated in November 2009. Another contribution of entrepreneurs launched by the Chen total 300 mulberry bayswater bags million, be taken into account, is used for the Southwest drought. At mulberry messenger bags that time this reporter that they do not deny the will to do charity Chen cursor itself, and that public figures should be supervised, "any charity should be able to withstand torture."ZLM0429

Přidat příspěvek k tématu ???

* Povinné pole

Adresář

Diskutujte na téma Novorozenec

Píšeme jinde


Zdravě.cz na Facebooku