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Co vlastně pojem duševní vlastnictví znamená? Duševní vlastnictví se definuje jako majetek nehmotné povahy, který je výsledkem procesu lidské tvořivosti. Za duševní vlastnictví lze považovat jen to, co je jedinečné, neopakovatelné a dostatečně originální.
Tematicky lze tento pojem rozdělit do dvou skupin:
1) Ochrana průmyslového vlastnictví
V ČR zabývá se touto problematikou zabývá Úřad pro ochranu průmyslového vlastnictví. Patří sem například patenty, vynálezy, ale také rostlinné odrůdy. Zde se setkáme s pojmem ochranná známka. Ta by měla slovně, obrazem, nebo kombinovaně chránit odlišení služby nebo výrobku i jeho obalu od ostatních v dané kategorii.
2) Autorská práva a právo pořizovatele databáze
Toto právo chrání hudební či literární díla, obrazy, fotografie, filmy. Spadá do působnosti ministerstva kultury.
Nejčastější podoba porušování duševních a průmyslových práv:
- nezákonné kopírování nebo užívání textů, hudby, obrázků, filmů nebo jiných výrobků - tzv. pirátství
- napodobování výrobků úspěšných firem
- napodobování ochranných a firemních známek - tzv. plagiátorství
Zdánlivě je téma duševního vlastnictví od zdravotní tematiky velmi vzdáleno, to je ovšem pouze zdání. Trh je zaplaven plagiáty průmyslových výrobků, například oblečení, hraček, kosmetiky. Ne vždy se jedná o výhodný nákup za nízkou cenu. Mnohé napodobeniny či výrobky bez řádného označení výrobce a složení mohou vážně poškodit zdraví uživatelů.
Například se u nich často prokazují několikanásobně vyšší hladiny jedovatých ftalátů, formaldehydu či jiných škodlivých látek, než připouštějí normy. Zvlášť pečlivě je třeba volit výrobky pro děti, především pro kojence a batolata, neboť pro ně představují nekvalitní výrobky největší riziko.
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